Cerebral Control of Eye Movements

Track 5: Cerebral Control of Eye Movements

Eye movement includes the voluntary or involuntary movement of the eyes, helping in acquiring, fixating and tracking visual stimuli. Each cerebral hemisphere has been shown to mediate pursuit eye movements to the ipsilateral side. Primates and many other vertebrates use three types of voluntary eye movement to track objects of interest include smooth pursuit, vengeance shifts and saccades. These movements appear to be initiated by a small cortical region in the brain's frontal lobe. This is corroborated by removal of the frontal lobe. In this case, the reflexes (such as reflex shifting the eyes to a moving light) are intact, though the voluntary control is obliterated. 

  • Saccadic System
  • Defective Saccades: Frontal Lobe Lesion
  • Normal Vertical Eye Movements
  • Vertical Gaze Paralysis
  • Progressive Supra nuclear Palsy

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